A brief history of the construction of wooden houses

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A brief history of the construction of wooden houses

 

Europeans began to use wood to build houses about a few thousand years earlier than using stones. Structure mounted on piles can be considered as one of the oldest examples of wooden houses.

The platform on which are then placed wooden houses or residential buildings was set on piles scored in the swampy ground, in the land near rivers and lakes or at the beach.
This type of structure protected the house from flooding and attacks of wild beasts. That is why this method of construction is still using in many nations of the world to this day.

 

Shortages of timber, which gradually brought massive deforestation for construction, eventually led to relocation of most construction to the north, where there were a lot of forest blog1areas.

 

Construction of houses of logs (timber)

Technologies of construction of houses were developing. In different regions of Europe appeared completely new techniques of construction of wooden houses, corresponding traditions, culture and level of development of the craft of the places and peoples.

In the Alpine region, the Carpathians, the Bavarian Woods, Bohemian Forest, in the Sudetenland and the hills Slovakia techniques and technology of building houses from wood could boast of a special variety. Although, perhaps, after all, the most important role for the construction of wooden houses played a large forest areas between Norway and Finland (in Switzerland) and the European part of Russia, stretching right up to Siberia. Here appeared the first house made of logs, stacked on top of each other and do not requiring the use of large quantities of insulation.

Since the massive wooden houses were expensive to build, and they demanded more wood, cheaper fachwerk with wireframe construction method almost completely blocked out them of the market of wooden buildings.

 

Frame houses

Half-timbered houses can be called a shining example of durable, attractive and elegant wooden structure. For about 750 years, these mostly noticeable and handsome houses serve as a decoration in many European towns. There are also older wooden bearing structures of roofs of some romantic churches. Wide roof overhangs and prominent longlines blog2reliably protect the exterior walls, which are located under them, and wooden structures from adverse weather conditions. Professional knowledge of masters who had built these homes is the key to their longevity. Carefully designed and executed, with the necessary care, such buildings have stood for many years and gave shelter to many generations of residents.

 

Use of wood as a material for building houses was predominant in Europe was up to the 16th century, after which the movement began to decline due to the variability of fashion, which began to imitate the Mediterranean construction methods, that were using clay and stone (which meanwhile has been caused by a deficiency of wood in those regions ).

Faith in the progressive industrialization was not conducive to a positive attitude to the construction of wooden houses. Wood was considered “obsolete material” and used a more “modern and progressive” concrete with steel and plastic.

In addition, in the period after the war, the construction of wooden houses began to lose in quality. Building materials always lacked, and the demand for new residential areas onlyblog3 grew resulting in started using cheaper methods of construction and build a house “in haste”, which could even be missing insulationor there can be problems with ventilation and
air filtration. Such houses were unbearably hot in the summer, and in winter – on the contrary cold.

Modern wooden houses have got rid of these problems a long time ago and now provide a comfortable environment in any season.

Despite the fact that in the 18-19 centuries houses made of stone dominated in Russia, in the late 20th century construction of wooden houses began to return again. Modern
technologies have overcome all the disadvantages of wooden construction, such as the possibility of rot or the risk of fire, and now with the new design of wooden houses through their naturalness and reliability back into fashion.